Tyre (or Sour) ruled the seas and founded prosperous colonies such as Cadiz and Carthage, but its historical role declined at the end of the Crusades. There are important archaeological remains, mainly from Roman times.
Tyre (Arabic: صور
, Ṣūr; Phoenician: צור , Ṣur‎‎, Tzor; Greek: Τύρος, Týros; Turkish: Sur; Latin: Tyrus) is a city in the South Governorate of Lebanon. Tyre juts out from the coast of the Mediterranean and is located about 80 km (50 mi) south of Beirut. The name of the city means "rock" after the rocky formation on which the town was originally built.
Tyre is an ancient Phoenician city and the legendary birthplace of Europa and Elissa. Today it is the fourth largest city in Lebanon and houses one of the nation's major ports.
Tourism is a major industry. The city has a number of ancient sites, including its Roman Hippodrome which was added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1979.